The Guardian 3 April 2018

French rail staff stage 'Black Tuesday' protests against overhaul

National and international services hit on first day of rolling walkouts over Macron proposalsFrench rail workers have launched three months of rolling train strikes in what threatens to become the largest and most chaotic industrial action against Emmanuel Macron’s drive to overhaul state transport and liberalise the economy.Called “Black Tuesday” in the media, the opening day of train strikes was expected to cause disruption for France’s 4.5 million rail passengers as almost half of all train staff and more than 75% of drivers walked out. Continue reading...

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Winnie Madikizela-Mandela to be given state funeral

President Cyril Ramaphosa pays tribute to anti-apartheid activist as mourners gather in SowetoWinnie Madikizela-Mandela, the hero of the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa but also one of its most controversial figures, will be honoured with a state funeral, President Cyril Ramaphosa has said.Madikizela-Mandela, who died on Monday aged 81, was one of the few remaining representatives of the generation of activists who led the fight against apartheid. Continue reading...

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Afghan woman shot in face builds new life in Canada after US rejection

Shakila Zareen, 23, lost much of her face after being shot by her husband but, after multiple surgeries and seeing her hopes of resettlement dashed, she has a new home in VancouverWhen she arrived at her new home in Vancouver, Shakila Zareen placed a photo of herself – dressed in yellow with dangling earrings and a matching necklace – next to her bed. Continue reading...

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India backs down over plan to ban journalists for 'fake news'

Media and opposition had criticised government plan to suspend accreditation from those accusedThe Indian government has scrapped a plan to blacklist journalists judged to be writing “fake news” less than a day after it was announced to widespread criticism.India’s information and broadcasting ministry said late on Monday that journalists or agencies accused of creating or spreading fake news would be referred to the Press Council of India and another statutory body for broadcast media. Continue reading...

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German prosecutors ask court to extradite Carles Puigdemont to Spain

Catalan accused by Spain of running unauthorised referendum was detained in Germany last weekGerman prosecutors have asked a court to permit the extradition of the former Catalan separatist leader Carles Puigdemont to Spain.Prosecutors in the northern town of Schleswig announced on Tuesday morning they have requested Puigdemont to be put under arrest for extradition purposes after “intensive examination” of the European arrest warrant issued by Spain. Continue reading...

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Markets volatile as China-US tariffs spat fuels trade war fears - business live

All the day’s economic and financial news, as European markets fall following last night’s Wall Street routAnalyst: Trade worries and tech angst hit marketsUK factory growth stable, but eurozone slowsWhy Trump’s attacks on Amazon are worryingThe agenda: Traders anxious after US stocks fallComing up: Spotify IPO 2.37pm BST Wall Street has opened a little higher, as traders hope to recovery from Monday’s selloff.The Dow has gained 0.5% in early trading, up 123 points at 23,767Dow rebounds at the open as tech shares cut steep losses from yesterday https://t.co/psxHFtwrjA pic.twitter.com/zDXwRt88mb 2.34pm BST Here’s some early reaction to Tesla’s new production numbers:Tesla up 7% by doing the classic post-Easter, pre-market Resurrection Gambit - releasing hot production data just before the bell to burn the shorts.Maybe this IS a good day for Spotify to start trading. https://t.co/T6f2uAhzUs“Tesla said in a statement that it still sees a target production rate of about 5,000 units per week in about three months, in line with the company’s previous target, Bloomberg News reports. “ $TSLA pic.twitter.com/Kr0ijgqlb8Bloomberg's Tesla Model 3 production tracker estimating down on weekly production and just missing Q1 target. Be interesting to see how close they are with their data modeling on the true numbers! Continue reading...

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Brazil court to rule on former president Lula's jail term

Decision on when Worker’s party leader should start 12-year jail term expected to further polarise the country’s politicsThe fate of Brazil’s former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva is in the balance as the country’s supreme court prepares to hand down a ruling that could lead to him being jailed before October elections for which he is currently the frontrunner. Tensions are running high with Brazil rocked by the recent killing of a Rio councillor, Marielle Franco, and Wednesday’s judicial decision seems likely to further polarise an already bitterly divided country. If Lula is jailed, his supporters will cry political persecution; if not, his detractors will allege corruption. Continue reading...

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Monsoons could result in 'enormous deaths' among Rohingya refugees

Nearly a million Muslim refugees living in camps in Bangladesh at risk, rights groups warnThe coming monsoon season could result in “enormous deaths” among Rohingya people from Myanmar living in refugee camps in neighbouring Bangladesh, a group of international advisers has warned, because the camps are not built to withstand storms.Rights groups say 700,000 mostly Muslim Rohingya have fled violence and crossed the border from Myanmar’s Rakhine state since August and most live in flimsy, bamboo-and-plastic structures perched on what were once forested hills at Cox’s Bazar. Continue reading...

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'I would rendang his head': UK MasterChef judges stir up a storm

Indonesians and Malaysians condemn contestant’s elimination on the basis that her chicken rendang wasn’t crispyIndonesians and Malaysians have criticised MasterChef UK’s decision to eliminate a contestant because her chicken rendang was not crispy.People from the two south-east Asian nations – including the Malaysian prime minister – put aside a longstanding culinary dispute about the origins of the slow-cooked coconut curry to express outrage at what they deemed to be the cluelessness of the judges on the TV cookery show. Continue reading...

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50 years after Martin Luther King's death, a 'new King' fights for justice

Rev Dr William Barber, a pastor and political leader in North Carolina, believes mere remembrance is not enoughThe Rev Dr William Barber’s arrival in the world was full of portent. He was born on 30 August 1963, two days after Martin Luther King’s I Have a Dream speech at the March on Washington, and two weeks before a church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, killed four African American girls. When Barber was three months old, President John F Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas. Continue reading...

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50 great tracks for April from MØ, Trouble, Hot Snakes and more

From the first pop song of the summer to Alpine indie, San Diegan punk and Chinese neo-trance, here’s our latest roundup of the best new music. Subscribe to the playlist of all 50 tracks and read about our 10 favourites Continue reading...

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'Being cash-free puts us at risk of attack': Swedes turn against cashlessness

Sweden’s central bank governor has called for public control over its payment system. Others say a fully digital system is vulnerable to fraud and attack It is hard to argue that you cannot trust the government when the government isn’t really all that bad. This is the problem facing the small but growing number of Swedes anxious about their country’s rush to embrace a cash-free society.Most consumers already say they manage without cash altogether, while shops and cafes increasingly refuse to accept notes and coins because of the costs and risk involved. Until recently, however, it has been hard for critics to find a hearing. Continue reading...

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Will China turn Taiwan into the next Crimea?

US support for Taiwan may prove red rag to bullish China given trade war and military rivalryChina could do to Taiwan what Russia did to Crimea if Beijing’s relations with Washington, strained by an expanding trade war and military rivalry in the East and South China seas, deteriorate further.The warning from maritime security experts follows a series of recent Chinese moves to put pressure on Taiwan’s pro-independence government. These include a vow last month by China’s president that Taiwan would face the “punishment of history” if it pursued a separatist course. “Any actions and tricks to split China are doomed to failure and will meet with the people’s condemnation,” Xi Jinping said. Continue reading...

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Martin Luther King's forgotten legacy? His fight for economic justice | Michael K Honey

The King we rarely talk about fought to remake America’s political and economic system from the ground upFifty years after he was assassinated in Memphis, how should we remember Martin Luther King Jr?Popular treatments primarily portray him through his magnificent I Have a Dream speech, delivered before the Lincoln Memorial in 1963. King called on America to live up to its historic ideals of equal rights in which all people would be defined by the “content of their character” and not the color of their skin. Continue reading...

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Halima Aden – why a model wearing a hijab on the cover of Vogue matters

You might not care about fashion, but having women of colour represented on the UK cover of the fashion bible is a big deal. This is how true diversity happensIt may have taken more than a century but it has happened. For the first time in British Vogue’s supposedly fashion-forward history the magazine features a model of colour wearing a hijab on its cover. Surrounding Halima Aden, who was born in a refugee camp in Kenya, are eight models of various races and ethnicities representing “new frontiers” in fashion. Because, guess what? Not only white women are beautiful!That is the ridiculous, outmoded, crass, hurtful and – whisper it – slightly racist message that the vast majority of Vogue (and other magazine) covers have been reinforcing for, well, ever. Since it was founded in 1916 – the year in which British Vogue was founded and National Geographic, incidentally, ran a full issue on Australia referring to Aboriginal Australians as “savages” who “rank lowest in intelligence of all human beings” – the fashion bible has had a succession of white editors. Continue reading...

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Oligarchs hide billions in shell companies. Here's how we stop them | Frederik Obermaier and Bastian Obermayer

The Panama Papers have helped tax authorities recover over $500m around the world. Property registries could ensure that even more is recoveredTwo years ago we published the Panama Papers after an anonymous source provided 2.6 terabytes of internal data from the dubious Panamanian law firm of Mossack Fonseca. We shared the data with 400 journalists worldwide and together revealed how the wealthy and powerful use shell companies to hide their assets. Such companies are exploited by dictators, drug cartels, mafia clans, fraudsters, weapons dealers and regimes like North Korea and Iran to hide their shady business transactions.As a consequence, Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson, the prime minister of Iceland, resigned. The Pakistani prime minister, Nawaz Sharif, did the same, and in the United Kingdom even David Cameron’s father was implicated. So far, the Panama Papers have helped tax authorities around the world to recover more than $500m in unpaid taxes and penalties. It could be far more if lawmakers finally take action. Continue reading...

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South Africa thrash Australia by 492 runs to complete series rout

• South Africa 344-6, Australia 221 & 119 all out | Full scorecard• Vernon Philander took six wickets on the final day in JohannesburgSouth Africa completed their first Test series win at home to Australia since readmission after thumping the beleaguered tourists by 492 runs in Johannesburg.Australia were all out for 119 in pursuit of a fanciful 612 victory target after Vernon Philander bulldozed through their batting line-up on the final morning with six wickets in the space of 32 balls. Continue reading...

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Commonwealth Games 2018: 10 things to look out for on the Gold Coast

An 11-year-old table tennis star, India v Pakistan in the hockey and the Serena of squash are some of the potential highlightsCaster Semenya is a multiple world and Olympic champion, the South African flag bearer and one of the Games’s biggest stars. She also competes under a cloud, with the IAAF threatening to reinstate a ban relating to testosterone levels that the Court of Arbitration for Sport labelled ‘unscientific’ back in 2015. Indian sprinter Dutee Chand won her battle to compete but has failed to qualify, leaving Semenya to deal with an unwelcome distraction alone. Continue reading...

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Cricket scandal's ripple effect gives Alex Hales his IPL chance at last | Ali Martin

‘It’s amazing how quickly things can change in cricket,’ says Sunrisers Hyderabad’s late pick-up for the 2018 IPLWhen Cameron Bancroft took sandpaper to the ball on the third day in Cape Town, it was not just the spark for a funeral pyre that a seemingly unpopular Australian team had been dousing in gasoline for some time.Indeed the ripple effect caused by this spot of DIY – one that has seen three hefty bans handed down, the head coach quit, tears flow like the Wallaman Falls and Australia’s cricket culture become the subject of a review – has spread far, with one beneficiary being an Englishman who, for all his ability to cudgel a cricket ball, has recently appeared to be at something of a career crossroads. Continue reading...

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World Cup stunning moments: Andrés Escobar's deadly own goal | Barry Glendenning

An own goal at USA 94 led to horrific ramifications for Colombia’s captain, who paid the heaviest of prices for the failings of society as much as his national teamLife doesn’t end here. We have to go on. Life cannot end here. No matter how difficult, we must stand back up. We only have two options: either allow anger to paralyse us and the violence continues, or we overcome and try our best to help others. It’s our choice. Let us please maintain respect. My warmest regards to everyone. It’s been a most amazing and rare experience. We’ll see each other again soon because life does not end here”Colombia captain Andrés Escobar writes in Bogota’s El Tiempe newspaper following his country’s elimination from USA 1994. Continue reading...

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How Villanova learned to beat college basketball's NBA talent factories

The Wildcats have their second title in three years. Along with his innate smarts, Coach Jay Wright looked to an NBA team from the past for inspirationThe NCAA Tournament that featured the first-ever victory by a 16-seed and a run to the Final Four by Loyola-Chicago and 98-year-old nun Sister Jean fittingly had an underdog story even in a title game won by the heavily-favored Villanova Wildcats. Michigan led for most of the first half, but Villanova took the lead with 6:08 remaining before the break on a three-pointer by redshirt sophomore reserve Donte DiVincenzo. It was the second of five three-pointers DiVincenzo would hit on the night on the way to a career-high 31 points. Villanova would not trail again in the game and cruised to their second national championship in three years, 79-62.“Even if we had played our best, it would have been very difficult to win that game with what DiVincenzo did,” Michigan head coach John Beilein said after the game. “Sometimes those individual performances just beat you, and you just say: ‘OK, we played you the best we could, and tonight you were better that us.’”  Continue reading...

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The fireman keeping the amateur flame burning brightly at Augusta | Andy Bull

The Masters has strong amateur roots and Matt Parziale, a true blue-collar golfer, is a rare bird the tournament can be proud ofAround Augusta, amateur isn’t an insult. Anything but. The Masters started as a private tournament precisely so its founding member, Bobby Jones, could play in it without going pro. Jones, who won the grand slam while he was working as a lawyer, once described professional golfers as “uneducated club servants”. That was back when gentlemen thought it was vulgar to get paid to play. Cricket had a similar arrangement. Sometime in the mid-20th century it switched. Professional became the compliment, amateur the put-down. Except around here. Where they like to think they still play Jones’s way. Related: Look beyond the revived Tiger Woods for a homegrown Masters champion | Bryan Armen Graham Continue reading...

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Jack Elliott: from Sunday league football to facing David Villa in MLS

Jack Elliott caught a scout’s eye while playing for Old Wilsonians against Walton Casuals in the Surrey Premier Cup. Now he impressing as a professional at Philadelphia UnionBy Greg Lea for The Set Pieces, part of the Sport NetworkThe path between European football and Major League Soccer has become a well-trodden one in recent years, with Steven Gerrard, David Beckham, David Villa, Thierry Henry, Andrea Pirlo, Frank Lampard, Kaká and now Zlatan Ibrahimovic, having crossed the Atlantic in the latter stages of their career. It isn’t just high-profile stars in their 30s who have made the move stateside, though.Philadelphia Union centre-back Jack Elliott was born in London but has only ever played professional football in the US, having been scouted while representing an amateur team in London. The switch from Sunday League to MLS, via the West Virginia University team, has been a surreal one for the 22-year-old. Continue reading...

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Memo shows Mueller explicitly tasked with Manafort-Russia collusion claims

Deputy general Rod Rosenstein also authorized investigation of former Trump campaign chair’s financial dealings in UkraineThe deputy attorney general, Rod Rosenstein, explicitly authorized special counsel Robert Mueller to investigate allegations that the former Trump campaign chair Paul Manafort colluded with the Russian government, according to a court filing made late on Monday night. Related: Trump-Russia investigation: the key questions answered Continue reading...

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Chips are down: Apple to stop using Intel processors in Macs, reports say

Intel shares fall 6% after Apple said to be planning to design chips for computers in-houseApple is reportedly planning to drop Intel chips from its Mac computers as early as 2020, replacing them with processors designed in-house in the same way the company manufactures iPhones and iPads.The plan, reported by Bloomberg, has been rumoured for several years, as Apple has taken on more chip design for devices. The company’s A-series of processors, currently capped by the A11 Bionic chips used in the iPhones 8, 8 Plus and X, are all designed by the company for specific purposes, and based on an architecture licensed from British firm ARM. Continue reading...

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Final decision on post-Brexit passport contract is delayed

Delay will allow British firm De La Rue more time to challenge decision to make French-Dutch firm preferred bidderThe government has delayed its final decision on who makes the post-Brexit blue UK passports to allow the British firm De La Rue more time to challenge plans to award the contract to a Franco-Dutch rival.The Home Office said the so-called standstill period between the choice of a preferred contractor and the official announcement had been extended. Continue reading...

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'I learned a lot': Corbyn defends taking part in radical Jewish event

Passover meal was held by Jewdas, which calls Labour antisemitism protest ‘cynical manipulation’Jeremy Corbyn has said he “learned at a lot” at a Passover event hosted by a leftwing Jewish group highly critical of mainstream Jewish bodies, after he was strongly criticised by MPs for attending. The Labour leader took part in the seder, the traditional meal of the Jewish festival, organised by Jewdas, which last week accused the Jewish Board of Deputies, Jewish Leadership Council and Jewish Labour Movement of “playing a dangerous game with people’s lives”. Continue reading...

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Ryanair reveals worst gender pay gap in airline industry

Median hourly pay among UK staff is 71.8% lower for women with bonus pay 3% lowerRyanair has revealed a gender pay gap of 72% – the worst in the airline industry – with women making up only 3% of the top quarter of earners at the budget airline. The figure is among the most imbalanced yet reported in any sector, about four times the UK average and outstripping that of easyJet, whose 45% gap had attracted widespread criticism. Continue reading...

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Dog fights and sex parties: the man who photographs Istanbul after dark

Çağdaş Erdoğan captures the explosion of underground rebellion in parts of Istanbul. ‘People have been pushed into the night,’ says the photographer who is now facing jailOne day last September, Çağdaş Erdoğan took his camera to Parc Yoğurtçu, a popular spot in Istanbul near the Fenerbahçe football stadium. He took some photographs of the city skyline before finding himself accused by a police officer of deliberately shooting the nearby MİT (Millî İstihbarat Teşkilatı) building.This, Erdoğan was told, is used by employees of Turkey’s National Intelligence Organisation. He was arrested on terrorism charges. A few hours later, his website was taken offline and his social media feeds disabled. Continue reading...

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